Truong Vinh Ky, a famous scholar in Vietnam, supposes that Bà Chiểu (Mrs.Chieu), Bà Hom (Mrs.Hom), Bà Điểm (Mrs.Diem) and Bà Quẹo (Mrs.Queo) were all wives of Lanh binh Thang (Provincial Military Lead Thang). He also presumes the names of 4 markets were the ones of 4 wives.
Those markets – Ba Chieu (Binh Thanh District), Ba Hom (Binh Tan district), Ba Diem (Hoc Mon District), and Ba Queo (Tan Binh District) – are familiar with Saigonese people for a long time. Though some names of these markets aren’t used anymore, everyone habitually refers to them by their old names.
1. Ba Chieu Market
Referring to this market’s historic name (in the center of Binh Thanh District, HCMC), according to Son Nam, a famous Vietnamese writer and culture researcher, Bà Chiểu was the name of the land – it has been used since the period of King Tu Duc.“Chiểu” means “natural pond” and “Bà Chiểu” means “a goddess who is worshiped next to a natural pond”.
Ba Chieu Market was built in 1942, 8.465 m2 in total area, and repaired in 1987. It’s divided into 8 main areas, containing nearly 800 households and 40 lines of business.
2. Ba Hom Market
Rebuilt after 2012 and located on Tan Tao Ward (Binh Tan District, HCMC). Before its refurbishment, it was a spontaneous market with the name Ho Van Long, and its customers were frequently workers in neighboring industrial parks.
As other markets that have names beginning with “Bà”, scholar Truong Vinh Ky supposed Bà Hom was the name of one of Lanh Binh Thang’s wives. However, according to documents about Saigon, “Bà Hom” may be a version of “Bàu Hom” (pond used to soak bamboo frame) because “Bàu Bèo”, “Bàu Hói”, and “Bàu Môn”.
To be continued...